Monday, October 16, 2017

Day 289 - This day in legal and military history

October 16
 

WORLD Food Day
 

NATIONAL Bosses Day
 

NATIONAL Dictionary Day
 

NATIONAL Feral Cat Day
 

NATIONAL Department Store Day
 

NATIONAL Clean Your Virtual Desktop Day [third Monday in October]
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1701 Yale University is founded as The Collegiate School of Killingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who consider Harvard too liberal
 

1793 Queen Marie Antoinette is beheaded by guillotine during the French Revolution
 

1813 The United States defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812
 

1834 "Second" Great Fire of London burns much of the city, including Parliament
 

1940 First black American is promoted to general: Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr.
 

1962 The Cuban Missile Crisis began
 

1995 The Million Man March takes place in Washington, DC


Sunday, October 15, 2017

Day 288 - This day in legal and military history

October 15
 

WORLD Toy Camera Day
 

WORLD Students Day
 

WORLD Math Day
 

NATIONAL I Love Lucy Day
 

NATIONAL Grouch Day
 

NATIONAL White Cane Safety Day
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1582 In Catholic countries which have adopted the Gregorian Calendar, this is the day following Oct 6, 1582
 

1860 Eleven-year-old Grace Bedell of Westfield, NY, wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, suggesting he could improve his appearance by growing a beard
 

1878 Thomas A. Edison founds the Edison Electric Light Company
 

1914 Congress passes the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, which exempts unions from anti-trust laws; legalizes strikes, picketing and boycotting; and makes illegal several corporate activities including the setting prices which would effect a monopoly
 

1951 I Love Lucy, starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, had its television debut

1956 Fortran, the first modern computer language, is shared with the coding community for the first time
 

1966 The US Department of Transportation was created
 

1989 Canadian hockey player Wayne Gretzky makes his 1,851st goal, breaking the all-time scoring record in the National Hockey League
 

1990 Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the USSR, receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in making his country more open and reducing Cold War tensions
 

1991 Clarence Thomas received a narrow (52–48) Senate confirmation of his nomination to the Supreme Court
 

1993 Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their work to end apartheid in South Africa
 

2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 733.08 points, the second-largest percentage drop in the Dow’s history


Saturday, October 14, 2017

Day 287 - This day in legal and military history

October 14
 

INTERNATIONAL Top Spinning Day
 

NATIONAL Be Bald and Free Day
 

NATIONAL Dessert Day
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1066 The Normans, under William the Conqueror, defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings
 

1912 US President Theodore Roosevelt is shot and wounded in an assassination attempt in Milwaukee. He is saved by the papers in his breast pocket and, though wounded, insists on finishing his speech.
 

1947 Test pilot Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier aboard a Bell X-1 rocket plane

1962 The Cuban Missile Crisis begins.  A USAF U-2 reconnaissance pilot photographs Cubans installing Soviet-made missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
 

1964 Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating a policy of non-violence
 

1968 Jim Hines, USA, breaks the “ten-second barrier” in the 100-meter sprint at the Olympics in Mexico City; his time was 9.95
 

1968 The first live telecast from a staffed US spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7

Friday, October 13, 2017

Day 286 - This day in legal and military history

October 13
 

Friday the 13th
 

WORLD Egg Day [second Friday of October]
 

INTERNATIONAL Skeptics Day

NATIONAL Vet Nurse Day
 

NATIONAL No Bra Day
 

NATIONAL Train Your Brain Day
 

NATIONAL Navy Birthday
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1670 Virginia passed a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians could not be used as slaves
 

1775 The Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy)
 

1792 The cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia
 

1849 The California state constitution, which prohibits slavery, is signed in Monterey
 

1884 Greenwich was established as universal time meridian of longitude
 

1914 Garrett Morgan invented and patented the gas mask
 

1987 First operational use of dolphins by the US Navy, in the Persian Gulf
 

2012 Residents of Los Angeles watch in awe as US Space Shuttle Endeavor inches through the city on a giant trolley, bound for a museum. Hundreds of trees in its path are chopped down.


Thursday, October 12, 2017

Day 285 - This day in legal and military history

October 12
 

WORLD Sight Day
 

WORLD Arthritis Day
 

NATIONAL Cookbook Launch Day
 

NATIONAL Old Farmers Day
 

NATIONAL Moment of Frustration Day 

NATIONAL Gumbo Day
 

NATIONAL Savings Day
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1492 Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas
 

1792 First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York City
 

1810 Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria ("Mad King Ludwig") weds Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen, in Munich, initiating what is now known as "Oktoberfest"
 

1892 The American Pledge of Allegiance was first recited in public schools to commemorate Columbus Day
 

1971 The House of Representatives passes the Equal Rights Amendment 354-23

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Day 284 - This day in legal and military history

October 11
 

NATIONAL It's My Party Day
 

NATIONAL Take Your Parents to Lunch Day
 

NATIONAL Coming Out Day
 

NATIONAL Pet Obesity Awareness Day 

NATIONAL Bring Your Teddy Bear to Work/School Day
 

NATIONAL Fossil Day
 

NATIONAL Emergency Nurses Day [second Wednesday of October]
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1862 The Confederate Congress in Richmond passed a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service
 

1890 The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) was founded in Washington, DC
 

1958 The lunar probe Pioneer 1 was launched; it failed to go as far as planned, fell back to Earth, and burned up in the atmosphere
 

1962 "McHale's Navy" premiers on ABC
 

1975 Saturday Night Live, a comedy-variety show, premiers on NBC, with guest host comedian George Carlin and special guests Janis Ian, Andy Kaufman and Billy Preston; the show is still running
 

1976 George Washington’s appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 is approved by President Gerald R. Ford
 

1984 Space shuttle Challenger astronaut, Kathryn Sullivan, became the first American woman to walk in space
 

2000 NASA launches its 100th Space Shuttle mission
 

2001 The Polaroid Corporation, with its “instant cameras” since 1947, files for bankruptcy


Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Day 283 - This day in legal and military history

October 10
 

WORLD Homeless Day
 

WORLD Mental Health Day
 

INTERNATIONAL Newspaper Carrier Day
 

NATIONAL Angel Food Cake Day
 

NATIONAL Face Your Fears Day
 

NATIONAL Cake Decorating Day
 

NATIONAL Hug a Drummer Day
 

NATIONAL Handbag Day
 


Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
 

1789 In Versailles France, Joseph Guillotin says the most humane way of carrying out a death sentence is decapitation by a single blow of a blade

1845 The US Naval Academy is founded at Annapolis, Maryland with 50 midshipman students and seven professors
 

1863 The first telegraph line to Denver is completed
 

1886 The tuxedo dinner jacket made its debut at a ball in Tuxedo Park, New York
 

1911 The Panama Canal opens
 

1935 George Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess debuted on Broadway
 

1970 The Quebec Provincial Minister of Labour, Pierre Laporte, is kidnapped by terrorists
 

1971 The London Bridge, built in 1831 and dismantled in 1967, reopens in Lake Havusu City, Arizona, after being sold to Robert P. McCulloch and moved to the United States
 

1973 Spiro Agnew resigns the vice presidency amid accusations of income tax evasion. President Richard Nixon names Gerald Ford as the new vice president. Agnew is later convicted and sentenced to three years probation and fined $10,000.
 

2009 US President Barack Obama announces he will end the “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy against homosexuals serving in the US military